of Boot Leathers
Today, boots are made in an increasing array of
exotic and specialty leathers. Exotic skins
used are not from animals on any endangered
- A -
skins are from special farms that
are primarily in the United States.
Some do come from state supervised
hunts. The skins have an especially
high gloss finish with a deep rich
color. The distinctive squares are
Grain -- a.k.a. cajun leather.
Tanned with aniline and vegetable
oils for depth.
type of leather finishing occurs
where a contrasting color spot is
sprayed on the leather surface. The
leather is then rubbed to create
- B -
heavy grain leather.
leather finish where the tannery
adds color to the surface, then uses
a brushing wheel to take off some of
the coloring material which changes
the color's tone.
Nu Buc. A very tightly suede
finish. The surface of the leather
is actually sanded to achieve this
finish develops a surface with a
look of great depth. It is
accomplished by actually burning the
finish on the leather using high
heat caused by friction.
- C -
made from the skins of young cattle.
It is characterized by a natural
fine grain. The close pores and
tight fiber that make up fewer
surface blemishes add value to this
skin. It readily takes and holds a
high luster and shine.
from African Buffalo, a very large
ox-like animal that is found from
the cape in Southern Africa to the
Northern parts of Mozambique,
Zimbabwe, and Southwest Africa. This
leather is usually printed or
that is printed to replicate exotic
skins. You will see buffalo,
elephant, snake, lizard and
stuffed pull up leather.
leather has been wadded, exposed to
high pressure then allowed to dry.
The unique pattern is formed when
angled sprays are applied to the
- D -
cowhide tanned to resemble
deerskin's soft supple
type of finish created by scraping
the leather before it is dyed. The
ink turns the nicks darker, creating
the leather's distinctive look. This
type of finish can also be created
by uneven dyeing of the leather.
finish created by dyeing leather
after a bleaching agent has burned
creases into the leather. The
creases turn dark and leave the
leather with dark lines in it.
- E -
leather with good strength for it's
light weight. Collected by fishermen
from all oceans.
made from the hides of the African
Elephant are only available when the
herds are culled by the government.
The hides are extremely heavy and
thick. The surface has large
indentations giving it a crinkled
look. It is one of the most durable
made from the hides of elk. Elk is
native to North America.
- F -
made from the first cut taken from
the hair side of the hide from which
nothing except the hair and
associated epidermis has been
removed. Scars, scratches or other
imperfections may be lightly buffed.
- G -
finish produced by polishing the
grain surface under the heavy
pressure of a roller made of agate,
metal or glass.
heavy, coarse suede split leather.
- H -
horsehides that are unique by
possessing extreme flexibility and
unusual wear characteristics (color,
strength and texture).
- I -
- J -
- K -
made from the hide of kangaroo.
Kangaroos are native to Australia
and Tasmania where they are
considered pests. They are harvested
by professional hunters who are
issued permits by the government.
Kangaroo has the highest tensile
strength of any leather, (three
times the strength of cowhide at the
same thickness). The grain
appearance is similar to that of
created from the skins of mature
goats. This leather has great
strength and resiliency in relation
to its weight and degree of
- L -
of leather that is tanned but does
not have a finish on it.
from the skin of the Teju lizard
(also called the alligator lizard)
that is found in South America. It
is very easily shined because of the
hard tiles on the surface.
- M -
- N -
weight leather that is soft and
supple. Also known as Shangri-La.
- O -
Skins from the flightless bird
native to southern Africa. The hides
are obtained from birds raised on
commercial ranches. These skins are
extremely desirable because of the
unique grain with quill bumps.
- P -
known as Karung. This type of
watersnake is found in India and
Ceylon. It has a lizard-like scale
instead of an overlapping scale like
most other snakes.
made from the skins of pigs or hogs.
It is tough and durable and has
Pioneer: A brand
of oil retan leather. Also known as
Velva Retan. After the initial
tanning, the leather is subjected to
hot steam in a tanning drum and then
shot with hot oil and waxes. The
open pores absorb these chemicals
until they are saturated. This
leather is primarily for work boots.
Pull-up: Type of
leather where the oils migrate away
from a pressure point making the
leather look lighter where pulled.
This is a sign of good oil content
and better grade leather.
Python: A snake
that is a subspecies in the Boa
family. They are large,
constricting, non-venomous snakes
found in Africa and Asia. The skins
offer many unique patterns. Both
belly and back cut are used.
- Q -
- R -
poisonous snakes are native to the
United States. There are several
species. Eastern, Western, and Cane
Break are currently used. The snakes
are collected through round-ups.
where the meat or flesh side of the
skin is used.
- S -
Snake: A very
poisonous snake that is caught in
the Indian Ocean. They have
paddle-like tails to adapt to their
deep ocean habitat. They travel in
large numbers and are caught in deep
made from the skins of various
sharks found in warmer coastal
waters. The leather has a very high
resistance to abrasion and scuffing
and is one of the toughest hides
taken from the shoulder of bulls.
The skin is physically reduced in
size and leaves the leather with a
distinct pattern and texture.
Leathers: This is
a type of leather tanning. The
fibers of the leather are separated
in order to give the leather a nap
or roughened finish.
- T -
called corrected grain. The grain of
the leather is sanded smooth before
to a leather with a sprayed and
buffed finish. It gives the leather
an antique look.
of watersnake found in Southeast
Asia. Also known as Chouri.
- U -
- V -
snake native to Europe and Asia. The
most popular viper is the cobra.
- W -
from the India Subcontinent and
Indo-China. The leather holds a
print somewhat better than cowhide.
of the watersnake family, native to
to the species of snake known as
Aires native to Southeast Asia. All
watersnakes are caught twice a year
during the monsoons using nets.
- X -
- Y -
- Z -