Like a Christian cross, the pentagram tends to be THE religious symbol of the
Pagan religions. It encompasses our elemental beliefs and is one of the
strongest protective amulets ever "designed".
The Pentagram dates back thousands of years to pre-Babylonian Sumer ...
roughly about 3500 BC. Many religions have once used this symbol ... the Jewish
people saw it as a symbol of the Five Books of Moses, and Christians once used
it as a protective amulet. It has been called such things as the Druid's Foot
and the Witches' Star.
Each point of the Pentagram traditionally represents one of the five
metaphysical elements of the ancients. The topmost point represents Spirit, The
upper left point represents Air, the upper right point represents Water, the
lower left point represents Earth, and the lower right point represents Fire. In
this fashion, the pentagram represents Spirit ruling over the four elements.
The Pentacle is simply a pentagram with a circle around it. This symbolizes
eternity, totality, and unity. It emphasizes the interconnectivity of all of the
elements. The direct and indirect relation of one element to the other.
It would seem as though the Pentacle is gaining a new meaning in Modern-day
Paganism ... in that it is seen as a unifying symbol of the Pagan community. In
modern day Witch Craft, the Pentacle tends to be used more than the pentagram.
Air (East): Intellect, Imagination, Knowledge
Earth (North): The Body, Foundation, Strength
Fire (South): Will, Vitality, Passion
Water (West): Emotion, Intuition, Compassion